Oral Fertility Medications

Oral Infertility Medications (Clomid, Femara)Depending on your diagnosis, oral infertility medications may be prescribed as the first line of treatment. Clomiphene citrate (Clomid) and letrozole (Femara) are the most common oral fertility medications, also sometimes called the fertility pills.

While working through different mechanisms, these drugs help the woman’s body make more of its own FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone), a hormone that signals the ovary to develop a mature egg.

Use of these fertility pills can be accompanied by ultrasounds and an intrauterine insemination (IUI) or the patient may be told to have timed intercourse.

One of the primary advantages to taking oral infertility medication is cost. They are significantly less expensive that injectable fertility medications, and may be covered by health insurance.

+ Side effects of Oral Infertility Medications
Side effects vary greatly by person, and can range from mild to severe (rarely). They may include:

  • Moodiness
  • Mild headaches
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Hot flashes
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Nausea
  • Visual disturbances

Talk with your doctor about what to expect.

+ Success Rate of Oral Fertility Drugs
The total pregnancy rate with these agents is 35-40% after 4-6 cycles of use. Most pregnancies will happen within the first three months of use (85%), and few pregnancies will occur after the fifth month.

+ Risk of Twins with the Fertility Pill
Patients who achieve pregnancy with oral medication have a 5-10% risk of having twins. The risk of triplets is low.

Creating a Family has resources on oral fertility medications. A couple that we think you will find particularly helpful are:

More Creating a Family radio interviews with experts, videos, blogs, fact sheets, and Q and A’s with Experts on oral fertility medications can be found at the icons below.

Sources: Creating a Family Radio shows listed below

Image credit: Divine Harvester

Additional Resources

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Creating a Family Radio Shows on Oral Fertility Medication

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Creating a Family Blogs on Oral Fertility Medication

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Creating a Family Factsheets, Tips on Oral Fertility Medication

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Creating a Family Videos on Oral Fertility Medication

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Q and A's with Experts on Oral Fertility Medication

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