Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)/Artificial Insemination
Intrauterine insemination (IUI), also known as artificial insemination, is a type of fertility treatment where sperm that have been washed and concentrated are placed directly through a catheter in a woman’s uterus around the time of a woman’s cycle that the mature egg is ovulating. An IUI can be performed with a woman’s natural cycle, with oral fertility medications, or with injectable ovulatory stimulating medications.
- Donor Sperm: Women using donor sperm most often use intrauterine insemination to transfer the sperm into their uterus.
- Mild Male Factor Infertility: Washing and concentrating sperm and placing it directly into the uterus can overcome sub-fertile men with below average sperm count, mild sperm morphology or motility problems. It is usually not successful with more severe cases of male infertility.
- IUI is often the first line of treatment for several female fertility issues, such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) or endometriosis. While it is not as successful as IVF, it costs less, and some health insurance requires that a certain number of IUI cycles be tried before they will pay for IVF.
- Unexplained Infertility: IUI is often the first line of treatment for unexplained infertility, along with ovulation inducing medications.
Creating a Family has many resources on Intrauterine insemination (IUI). Here are several we think you will find particularly helpful:
- 8 Tips for Getting Pregnant With Intrauterine Insemination (tip sheet)
- Artificial Insemination – Intracervical vs. Intrauterine (blog)
- How Long to Try Fertility Pills and IUI Before Moving to IVF (1 hr radio interview with leading expert on infertility and IUI)
- When Should You Move Up the Fertility Treatment Ladder (1 hr radio interview with leading expert on infertility and IUI)
More Creating a Family radio interviews with experts, videos, blogs, fact sheets, and Q and A’s with Experts on intrauterine insemination (IUI) can be found at the icons below.Image credit: 3D animation of how IUI works