I was talking with a woman last month who was trying to decide about the next step in her infertility treatment journey. They have been trying to conceive for three years.  She told me that what kept her going was knowing that they had so much love to give to a child. “One thing I know for sure is that when we finally have kids, they are going to be the most loved children in the world.”

The Cherished Child: Parenting after  IVF or adoption

There is some evidence that she’s right.  Parents who have struggled to conceive make very good parents.

IVF Moms Show Greater Warmth Towards Child

Research shows that families created with the help of fertility treatment compare favorably with families that conceived without treatment, especially after the first 12 months.  Some research shows that infertility patients are more anxious during pregnancy and their child’s first year of life, but the anxiety usually passes after that.

In the European Study of Assisted Reproductive Families, 116 families with children conceived via IVF were compared to 115 families formed through adoption, 120 with naturally conceived children, and 111 with children conceived via donor insemination.

The study found that mothers through IVF, compared to natural conception mothers, showed towards their children:

  • Greater warmth
  • More emotional involvement
  • More interaction
  • Less stress
  • More overprotective

Adoptive Parents Invest More Time with Their Kids

Parents who choose to adopt rather than stay in infertility treatment also make great parents.  Studies show that adoptive parents invest more time and financial resources in their children than biological parents and “evidence a high level of strength in terms of warmth, communication, discipline, and cohesion.”   Researchers speculate that “One of the reasons adoptive parents invest more is that they really want children, and they go to extraordinary means to have them.” Amen to that.


I must admit that I worry about the effect of over-protectiveness on kids, but I think our entire generation of parents is overprotective, not just parents who conceived or adopted after years of trying.

I don’t think we have a good grasp on how to weigh relative risks.  We are overly worried about low-chance risks such as stranger abduction; as a result, we micromanage our kids’ lives because we are afraid to let them out of our sight.  The older my kids get, the more I believe that children need to learn certain lessons from failure, falling, and figuring things out on their own. But that is the subject of a different blog.

Expecting Perfection

Parents who have struggled to become parents sometimes have a hard time giving themselves permission to have the normal feelings of frustration that come with parenting.  (See last week’s blog about a mom through surrogacy and donor egg.) They may feel let down after all the years of anticipation.  They may think they don’t have the right to complain about being tired, or wishing for a day to themselves, or craving time to wash their hair and shave their legs.  But fortunately, these feeling also usually pass with time.  Most parents of two-year-olds and teens feel pretty darn entitled to their frustration, regardless of how they got their kids.

Impact of Twins on Parenting

Infertility can affect the quality of parenting in two ways.  Infertility treatment results in a disproportionately large number of multiple births, and much research supports that parenting twins and triplets is much more stressful for parents.  Studies of families with assisted reproductive twins found higher levels of anxiety and depression compared to parents with assisted reproductive singletons, even though the parents of the twins through IVF had expressed a greater openness to multiple births.

Every day I see and hear from people who have struggled for years to create their families.  I don’t know whether these kids are “the most loved in the world”, and as a mom by both birth and adoption, I can’t say any of my children are more cherished than the other. I can say, however, that being cherished is probably the greatest gift we can give our kids.

What do you think? Are children who arrived after their parents have struggled for years to become a family more cherished?

Image credit: Carol Von Canon
Originally published in 2010, but substantially updated in 2015