Top Ten Factors to Consider When Adopting From China
Click on each factor to learn more. Current as of September 2020.
This information is subject to change; therefore, please check with an agency that places from this country for the most current information.
The shared list represents available children with more significant special needs, deemed ‘Special Focus,’ to which all agencies that place children from China have access. However, the Chinese Adoption Central Authority (CCCWA) continues to assign specific referrals to some agencies individually, at the agency’s request, so not all referrals are shared at any given time.
Once a family receives a potential referral from the shared list, the agency has 72 hours to submit the family’s preliminary information to proceed with the match. This time limit is to ensure that a child is not taken off the “Special Focus” list for too long while a family decides. The family is given two weeks to review the information, and if in that time they decide to no longer proceed with the match, the agency will withdraw the preliminary application from the system. When the paperwork is not filed within 72 hours or when a family requests their preliminary application to be withdrawn, the child’s name goes back on the list and other parents can review the file.
The other process called the LID (log-in date) process operates slightly differently. Generally, the children being referred through this process are considered to have less significant special needs, although that is not always true. This runs by the date a family has had their dossier officially logged in to the CCCWA’s system. Several times throughout the year, CCCWA issues a list of LID files to agencies across the world. The list includes the name, gender, DOB, and a brief description of the child’s special needs. Agencies are then permitted to submit a LID family to be considered for each file. The CCCWA will review the LID dates of all of the submitted families per each child on the LID list. The child’s file will be offered to the family/agency with the oldest LID. If that family declines the referral, it will then be presented to the family with the next oldest LID.
Parents travel to the capital of their child’s province to take custody of their child, apply for the child’s passport, and finalize the adoption. Every US family must then travel to Guangzhou to apply for their child’s visa and complete the child’s medical exam. An adoption oath ceremony at the US Consulate represents the final step in the adoption process.
FASD (fetal alcohol spectrum disorder) is typically not considered a high incidence occurrence, given cultural mores surrounding alcohol and pregnancy. *This might be an underreported issue as standard prenatal care is not yet “best practice” across the country. Western influences of education and cultural shifts are contributing to changes in both the incidence of drinking during pregnancy and the care offered expectant mothers.
- The US Department of State Intercountry Adoption from China
- The Annual Report on Intercountry Adoption
- Creating a Family’s International Adoption Resource page
- No Hands But Ours – resource site, specific to China Adoption
- Special Needs Resources – China Adoption – Facebook support group specific to China Adoption
- China Adoption Questions – Facebook support group specific to China Adoption
- Statistics: Special Needs of Special Focus Children in China Age 0-5 – blog post from Madison Adoption Associates, an Education Partner
- International Adoption Chart – spreadsheet from Children’s Home Society/Lutheran Social Services of Minnesota, an Education Partner
**This information represents our best estimates and approximations only. Depending upon your individual circumstances, even the widest ranges can vary greatly. Please always refer back to your chosen adoption service provider for specifics regarding your process.
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Image credit: Meng Zhang