Sperm donation is an option for couples with male factor infertility, single women, and lesbian couples. Donor sperm can be used with artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization (IVF), or it may be possible to do home insemination. Donor sperm can come from a known friend or relative or from a sperm bank.
- Appearance, education and interests
- Will he agree to release identifying information when the child is 18? (Some donor conceived people feel the strong need to know information about their donor and increasingly parents are seeking to provide this option to their donor conceived children.)
- Are photos available? Childhood? Adult?
- Blood type. Some parents want the donor’s blood type to match the intended father’s blood type for confidentiality reasons. The donor’s blood type may be important to consider if the mother is Rh negative (Rh-).
- How many pregnancies have resulted from his sperm? Some sperm banks limit the number of pregnancies allowed, but if not, some parents want to set limits.
- Preparation of the sperm for either intracervical insemination, intrauterine insemination (IUI), or IVF.
- Fees for donor sperm are usually slightly higher for donor that agree to release identifying information.
- How many “extras” you want such as photos, audio interviews, personality testing, genetic tests beyond the standard, etc.
Creating a Family has many resources sperm donation. Some we think you will find particularly helpful are:
- Donor Insemination: Who’s Donating & Who’s Receiving
- Legal Issues You MUST Consider with Egg/Sperm Donation & Surrogacy
- Blogs by parents that used donor sperm and donor conceived people.
Many more Creating a Family radio interviews with experts, videos, blogs, fact sheets, and Q and A’s with Experts on using donor sperm can be found at the icons below.
Sources: Creating a Family Radio shows below Image credit: Spike Walker. Wellcome Images